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Advanced Level

Azar-Hagen Grammar SeriesUnderstanding and Using English Grammar, 4th edition

Vocabulary Worksheets help students learn new vocabulary in the context of the grammar covered in the tables of contents of the Azar-Hagen textbooks or any comparable syllabus. An Answer Key and Word List for target vocabulary are provided for each chapter. You may download, reproduce and adapt the material to suit your classroom needs. Vocabulary Worksheets are available as Word documents or PDF files.

Hide Chapter 1—Overview of Verb Tenses

Reading: Journals from Space by Astronaut Sunita Williams

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: Which word doesn’t belong?

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Crossword

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 2—Present and Past; Simple and Progressive

Reading 1: Rescue Ink

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Reading 1: Definition practice

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Reading 2: A Nine-year-old Hero from China

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Reading 2: Vocabulary practice

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Reading 1 and Reading 2: Vocabulary practice—Opposites

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 3—Perfect and Perfect Progressive Tenses

Reading: Texting Elephants

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice

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Crossword

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 4—Future Time

Reading: I Have a Dream: Speech by the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963

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Definition practice

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Crossword

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 5—Review of Verb Tenses

Reading: Nobel Lecture by Al Gore, Oslo, 10 December 2007

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  • © The Nobel Foundation

Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice

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Vocabulary practice: Which word doesn’t belong?

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 6—Subject-Verb Agreement

Reading: Hippocrates

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: similar meanings

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 7—Nouns

Reading 1: Laughing is Good for You and Your Child

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Reading 1: Definition practice

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Reading 2: Laughter Linked to Health, Happiness

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Reading 2: Definition practice

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Reading 1 and Reading 2: Vocabulary practice: Count/noncount nouns

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 8—Pronouns

Reading: Birds and Animals in the Mirror

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice

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Word Search

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 9—Modals, Part 1

Reading: Messy Yards

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: Which word doesn’t belong?

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 10—Modals, Part 2

Reading: The Mayans

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 11—The Passive

Reading: The Ancient Olympic Games

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice

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Definition practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 12—Noun Clauses

Reading: Lowland Gorillas

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: Opposites

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Vocabulary practice: Which word doesn’t belong?

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 13—Adjective Clauses

Reading 1: Expressions Using the Word Cold

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Reading 1: Definition practice

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Reading 2: Expressions Using the Word Hot

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Reading 2: Definition practice

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Reading 1 and Reading 2: Conversation practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Show Chapter 14—Gerunds and Infinitives, Part 1

Hide Chapter 15—Gerunds and Infinitives, Part 2

Reading: A Speech by Helen Keller

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Definition practice

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Word search

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 16—Coordinating Conjunctions

Reading: Electric Cars

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 17—Adverb Clauses

Reading: Taking Care of the Common Cold

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: Opposites

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Conversation practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 18—Reduction of Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases

Reading: An Amazing Swimsuit

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: Which word doesn’t belong?

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 19—Connectives that express Cause and Effect, Contrast, and Condition

Reading: Potatoes

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Definition practice

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Vocabulary practice: Which word doesn’t belong?

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Vocabulary practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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Hide Chapter 20—Conditional Sentences and Wishes

Reading: If, a Poem

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Definition practice

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Conversation practice

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Answer Key

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Word List

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How to Form Relative Clauses klik disini

Imagine a girl is talking to Tom. You want to know who she is and ask a friend whether he knows her. You could say:

A girl is talking to Tom. Do you know the girl?

That sounds rather complicated, doesn’t it? It would be easier with a relative clause: you put both pieces of information into one sentence. Start with the most important thing  – you want to know who the girl is.

Do you know the girl …

As your friend cannot know which girl you are talking about, you need to put in the additional information  – the girl is talking to Tom. Use „the girl“ only in the first part of the sentence, in the second part replace it with the relative pronoun (for people, use the relative pronoun „who“). So the final sentence is:

Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom?

Relative Pronouns

relative pronoun

use

example

who subject or object pronoun for people I told you about the woman who lives next door.
which subject or object pronoun for animals and things Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof?
which referring to a whole sentence He couldn’t read which surprised me.
whose possession for people animals and things Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse?
whom object pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who) I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference.
that subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible) I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.

Subject Pronoun or Object Pronoun?

Subject and object pronouns cannot be distinguished by their forms – who, which, that are used for subject and object pronouns. You can, however, distinguish them as follows:

If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun. Subject pronouns must always be used.

the apple which is lying on the table

If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb (but by a noun or pronoun), the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. Object pronouns can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called Contact Clauses.

the apple (which) George lay on the table

Relative Adverbs

A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand.

This is the shop in which I bought my bike.
→ This is the shop where I bought my bike.

relative adverb

meaning

use

example

when in/on which refers to a time expression the day when we met him
where in/at which refers to a place the place where we met him
why for which refers to a reason the reason why we met him

Defining Relative Clauses

Defining relative clauses (also called identifying relative clauses or restrictive relative clauses) give detailed information defining a general term or expression. Defining relative clauses are not put in commas.

Imagine, Tom is in a room with five girls. One girl is talking to Tom and you ask somebody whether he knows this girl. Here the relative clause defines which of the five girls you mean.

Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom?

Defining relative clauses are often used in definitions.

A seaman is someone who works on a ship.

Object pronouns in defining relative clauses can be dropped. (Sentences with a relative clause without the relative pronoun are called Contact Clauses.)

The boy (who/whom) we met yesterday is very nice.

Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Non-defining relative clauses (also called non-identifying relative clauses or non-restrictive relative clauses) give additional information on something, but do not define it. Non-defining relative clauses are put in commas.

Imagine, Tom is in a room with only one girl. The two are talking to each other and you ask somebody whether he knows this girl. Here the relative clause is non-defining because in this situation it is obvious which girl you mean.

Do you know the girl, who is talking to Tom?

Note: In non-defining relative clauses, who/which may not be replaced with that.

Object pronouns in non-defining relative clauses must be used.

Jim, who/whom we met yesterday, is very nice.

How to Shorten Relative Clauses?

Relative clauses with who, which, that as subject pronoun can be replaced with a participle. This makes the sentence shorter and easier to understand.

I told you about the woman who lives next door. – I told you about the woman living next door.

Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? – Do you see the cat lying on the roof?

Test 1

Complete the definitions.

  1. A banana _______________________________________________________
  2. A hat __________________________________________________________
  3. A pony _________________________________________________________
  4. A dentist _______________________________________________________
  5. A bus __________________________________________________________

Decide whether the relative pronoun is correct or not.

  1. The postman which works in this village is very old.
    o correct        o not correct
  2. The egg which is in the nest is brown.
    o correct        o not correct
  3. Where is the bed who was in the attic?
    o correct        o not correct
  4. The bottles that are lying on the floor are green.
    o correct        o not correct
  5. The cowboy who is wearing the red shirt is very funny.
    o correct        o not correct

Complete the sentences with relative clauses in simple present. Use who or which.

  1. This is the man (work at the station)_____________
  2. The tree (grow in the garden) ___________is an apple tree.
  3. The man (go jogging) __________every Friday is my neighbour.
  4. The elephants (live in Africa) __________have big ears.
  5. Turn left at the yellow house (be opposite) ___________the petrol station.

Test 2

Choose the correct relative pronoun.

  1. This is the man _________built our house.
  2. There is the bridge ___________we have to cross.
  3. The girl ___________lives next door is very nice.
  4. The bus __________takes you to the station should be here any minute.
  5. This is the dog _________barks every night.

Decide whether the relative pronoun is necessary or not.

  1. This is the ring that I found yesterday.
    o relative pronoun is necessary        o  relative pronoun is not necessary
  2. Do you know the man that is speaking with Anne?
    o relative pronoun is necessary        o  relative pronoun is not necessary
  3. I still have the book that you gave me.
    o relative pronoun is necessary        o  relative pronoun is not necessary
  4. Is this the woman that lost her purse?
    o relative pronoun is necessary        o  relative pronoun is not necessary
  5. Is this the key that we were looking for?
    o relative pronoun is necessary        o  relative pronoun is not necessary

Complete the sentences with relative clauses. Use who or which.

  1. A Dutch is a person (live in the Netherlands)__________
  2. A giant is someone (be very tall) __________
  3. An alarm clock is a clock (wake you up in the morning) __________
  4. A ladybird is a red beetle (have black spots on its back) __________
  5. A waitress is a woman (serve food and drinks in a restaurant) __________

Combine the sentences using a relative clauses without a relative pronouns (Contact Clauses).

  1. I watched a film last night. The film was interesting.
    The film __________
  2. Carly helps a man. The man is my teacher.
    The man __________
  3. We ate chicken at the restaurant. It was delicious.
    The chicken __________
  4. The boy is very nice. I know him from school.
    The boy __________
  5. The shoes are too big. My grandma bought them for me.
    The shoes __________

Source: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/relative-clauses-2

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English Learning Excercise for KA/MI : 13 Klik disini

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